Journal of the American Pomological Society
Instructions for Authors
- Editorial Scope: The prime purpose of the Journal of
the American Pomological Society is to provide a repository for
information on all aspects of fruit and nut crops. The long-term
emphasis of the journal on cultivars and rootstocks continues,
but manuscripts reporting original research on a wide range of
fruit and nut crops are welcomed. Acceptable areas of research
include pruning, nutrition, growth regulators, cultural
practices, economics, and pest control. Studies involving the
interaction of one or more of these aspects with either
cultivars and/or rootstocks are particularly appropriate. If in
doubt about the suitability of a particular manuscript, please
e-mail the Editor.
- Prior Publication: Manuscripts submitted for
publication must not have been previously published, and
submission implies no concurrent submission elsewhere.
- Manuscript Preparation: Research reports on field
studies are expected to contain data from multiple years.
Reports are to be the result of adequately replicated trials and
the data should be subjected to appropriate statistical
analysis. Scientific names and authorities for plants, disease
organisms, and insects should be included parenthetically when
the organism is first mentioned. SI units and American spelling
should be used throughout the manuscript. Typical organization
is as follows: Title, Authors, Abstract, Introduction, Materials
and Methods, Results, Discussion, Literature Cited, Tables,
Figures. The Results and Discussion sections are often combined.
Author addresses and acknowledgements are in footnotes on the
first page. An abstract is required for research reports and
reviews, and is recommended for cultivar release papers. Key
words are not used. The citation form appears below. Tables
should appear in the manuscript after the Literature Cited
section. Tables should be understandable without reference to
the text, and hence the title should be complete and
informative. Horizontal spanners appear at the head and foot of
the table and under column headings. No vertical rules are used.
Footnotes should appear at the bottom of the table and are
denoted in reverse alphabetical sequence (i.e. z, y, x, etc.).
Figures appear last, usually one per page, and should also be
self-explanatory, with a complete and informative caption. All
Figures (including graphs, photos, etc.) should be camera ready.
Please consider the size of the ultimate graph when sizing its
components such as font size and line thickness. The figures
will be black and white in print, and authors are reminded to
keep this in mind during figure preparation.
- New Citation Format for 2013: The
reference citation style for the Journal will change from 1
January 2013 (Volume 67, issue 1). The current usage of
numbering for references cited will cease to be used. The new
style will use author name and date within the text (the Harvard
system). This style will be consistent with that used by the
Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science (which
can be referenced at: http://ashs.org/downloads/style_manual.pdf.
An extract from that manual is as follows: The reference section
should include only published, significant, and relevant sources
accessible through a library or an information system. These
include journal articles, books, theses, dissertations,
proceedings, bulletins, reports, and published abstracts of
papers presented at meetings. Unpublished work, privileged data,
or information received personally should be noted
parenthetically in the text [e.g., “(E.D. Brown, unpublished
data)” or “(J.B. Smith, personal communication)”]. Papers or
manuscripts submitted to a publisher may not be used in
literature citations unless the work has been accepted for
publication, in which case the work may be cited as “(In
press.)” at the end of the citation. All citations mentioned in
the text must be included in the Literature Cited; also, all
references listed in the Literature Cited must be mentioned
somewhere in the text. Check the alphabetical reference list
against literature citations in the text before submitting the
manuscript for publication. When two or more citations are
listed in the text, list the citations alphabetically first,
then chronologically, e.g., “(Jones, 1998, 2000; Kader, 2001;
Smith, 1996).” Authors are responsible for verifying that
each reference is complete, accurate, and traceable. Authors
must check the original source—do not copy a reference from a
previous list of citations, because the odds are that at least
one error will be copied. Citations must appear exactly
(misspellings included and followed by “[sic]”) as written in
the original published work.
- Citation format
APS style for listing literature citations is the Harvard
system, with the last name(s) of the author(s) and the year of
the publication cited in the text. List citations
alphabetically (letter by letter not word by word) by last
names of authors (then initials if last names are the same)
and chronologically if duplicate author names appear. Authors
are listed first by senior author (last name first, followed
by initials) and then additional authors (initials first).
Jones, B.F., T.C. Wesson, and J.E. Smith. 1998a. Hollies.
Wiley, New York.
Jones, B.F., Z.C. Wesson, and J.E. Smith. 1998b. Holly
berries. Wiley, New York.
If a name is followed by “Jr.” or a Roman numeral, the correct
form is “Smith, Jr., B.F.,” or “Smith, II., B.F. Do not
include professional and honorary titles. All authors of a
reference must be listed. If an author is cited more than
once, repeat the author’s name—do not substitute the underline
for the author’s name. Names of foreign authors retain their
native spellings and diacritical marks. If a work has no
author, give the name of the publisher or the organization
(committee, agency, etc.) responsible for the work. If no
authority is known,credit the work to the publisher, not to
Anonymous. If an editor or editors is given, their names are
followed by “(ed.)” or “(eds.),” respectively, followed by a
Following the name(s) of the author(s), give the year of
publication (the copyright or publication date listed on the
publication, not the actual release date), followed by a
period. If no year is given, then either estimate the year in
parentheses “(1918?)”—or indicate no date—e.g., “(n.d.).” If
more than one work by the same author or set of authors is
cited, list the publications in chronological order and, if
the year is also identical, insert lowercase letters (in
alphabetical sequence) after the date, according to the order
in which they are cited in the text. All single-authored
articles of a given individual precede multiple-authored
articles of which that individual is senior author.
Titles should be lowercase except for the first word, proper
names, or certain foreign-language conventions. Do not
italicize titles except for words or phrases italicized in the
title of the published work. Do not use quotation marks around
titles. If an article, book, or chapter title has a subtitle
(indicated by a dash, colon, semicolon, smaller type, or
different typeface), place a colon before the subtitle and
capitalize the first letter of the first word. Never
abbreviate titles. Titles of foreign publications retain their
native spelling and diacritical marks. Languages that
capitalize nouns (such as German) retain their capitalization,
but the rest of the title should follow style in lowercase. Do
not translate foreign titles into English unless a translated
copy was used. Titles that have been translated or
transliterated into Roman characters should carry a
parenthetical note [e.g., “(in Russian)”] before the period
ending the title. When giving the name of a publisher, use the
short form, e.g., “Wiley” not “John Wiley & Sons, Inc.,”
or “Macmillan,” not “Macmillan Publishing Co.” When the
publisher is a professional society, abbreviate the name.
Include the location of the publisher.
When more than one location is listed for a publisher, give
only the first one.The following is the correct spelling of
several commonly used publishers:
Commonly cited publishers
Kluwer Academic Publishers
Spell out all publication titles with one-word names, e.g.,
Ecology, Euphytica, Hilgardia, HortScience, Nature,
Phytopathology, and Science. Do not italicize publication
titles. Capitalize the first letter of all words, but delete
extraneous prepositions and articles. Abbreviate the roots of
words when they stand alone or with a prefix, e.g., Anal.
Biochem. (See “Abbreviations for Literature Cited” for
abbreviations of commonly used words in periodical titles.)
Give the volume number in Arabic numerals, followed by the
issue number (if available) in Arabic numerals in parentheses.
Issue numbers are only necessary if the publication’s pages
are renumbered from 1 with each issue within a volume. The
pagination of the publication follows, connected to the volume
number and/or issue number by a colon, and all closed up (no
spaces): 96(5):645–648. Give full pagination, e.g., use
“1101–1102,” not “1101–2” or “1101–02.” Supply the abstract
number or university microfilm number for dissertations
available from Dissertation Abstracts or on microfilm.
Electronic citations should follow the MLA-recommended minimum
format as follows.
1) Name of author, editor, compiler, or translator of the
2) Year of electronic publication, latest update, or posting.
4) Date (day, month, year) author accessed the source.
5) Complete electronic address.
Specific examples of citations
Commonly used citations for ASHS publications follow. Note
punctuation and abbreviation in each case.
Nesmith, W.C. and W.M. Dowler. 1973. Cold hardiness of peach
trees as affected by certain cultural practices. HortScience
ABSTRACT FOR HORTICULTURAL ABSTRACTS
Gherghi, A., I. Bwrza, K. Millim, and O. Tudosescu. 1998. The
behavior in controlled atmosphere storage of ‘Jonathan’ apples
grown on different rootstocks (in Romanian). Lucr. Stün,
Inst. Cerc. Val. Leg. Fruct. 9:71–75 (Hort. Abstr. 48:10310;
Hartmann, H.T., D.E. Kester, and F.T. Davies, Jr. 1990. Plant
propagation principles and practices. 5th ed. Prentice Hall,
Englewood Cliffs, N.J.
Brown, A.G. 1995. Apples, p. 3–37. In: J. Janick and J.N.
Moore (eds.). Advances in fruit breeding. Purdue Univ. Press,
West Lafayette, Ind.
Rollins, H.A., F.S. Howlett, and E.H. Emmert. 2002. Factors
affecting apple hardiness and methods of measuring resistance
of tissue to low temperature injury. Mich. Agr. Expt. Sta.
Res. Bul. 901.
State of California. 2002. California Code of Regulations,
Title 3. Food and Agriculture. Office of Administrative Law,
Sacramento. 10 July 2002. <http://ccr.oal. ca.gov/>.
Goldberg, D., B. Cornat, and Y. Bar. 1991. The distribution of
roots, water, and minerals as a result of trickle irrigation.
J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 96:645–648.
American Society for Horticultural Science. Tropical Region.
2000. Proc. XVIII Annu. Mtg., Miami, 25–30 Oct. 2000. (Proc.
Trop. Reg. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 14).
Locascio, S.J., J.G.A. Fiskell, and P.E. Everett. 2000.
Advances in watermelon fertility. Proc. Trop. Reg. Amer. Soc.
Hort. Sci. 14:223–231.
U.S. Department of Agriculture. 1997. Agricultural statistics
for 1996. U.S. Dept. Agr., Washington, D.C.
THESIS OR DISSERTATION
Reeder, J.D. 2001. Nitrogen transformations in revegetated
coal spoils. Colo. State Univ., Fort Collins, PhD Diss. Abstr.
- Submitting a Manuscript: Prior to submission,
manuscripts should be reviewed by at least two colleagues and
revised accordingly. At the time of submission, the
corresponding author must attest in the covering letter to the
Editor that (1) all co-authors on the paper have had the
opportunity to review it prior to submission, (2) it has not
been published previously, and (3) that it is not presently
under consideration for publication elsewhere. In addition, the
names and full contact information (mailing address, e-mail and
telephone numbers) for three potential reviewers should be
- Submit one electronic copy OR three hard copies of the
manuscript to the Editor:
- Dr. Ian J.Warrington
- Massey University
- Private Bag 11222
- Palmerston North 4442, New Zealand
- Electronic submission is encouraged. Acceptable formats are
MSWord or WordPerfect.
- The Review Process: Manuscripts are sent to two
reviewers competent to evaluate scientific content. Acceptance
for publication depends upon the combined judgment of the two
reviewers and the Editor. In some circumstances the Editor,
without further review, may return a manuscript, which obviously
does not meet Journal standards, to the author. Depending on the
contents of the peer reviews, the manuscript may be rejected,
recommended for publication pending suitable revisions, or
accepted without revisions.
- Revising Manuscripts: If necessary, reviewed
manuscripts are returned to the author for revision and the
revised articles are submitted electronically or as a hard copy
and on CD, preferably in MSWord or WordPerfect.
- Publication Charges: A charge of U.S. $60.00 per page
($30.00 per half page) will be made to authors for those
articles constituting publication of research. Tables and
Figures are subject to additional page charges: $10.00 for
column engravings, $20.00 for half page engravings and $40.00
for full-page engravings.
- Reprints: Reprints are not issued. The Treasurer can
provide the corresponding author with an electronic version (pdf
file) of the manuscript after payment for page charges has been
received. Please e-mail: email@example.com.
page last updated November 23, 2012